You may not be fluent, but during your travels throughout China you’re going to want to speak at least some basic Mandarin Chinese. I’ve already spent a little bit of time talking about how it is possible to travel in China without speaking Mandarin, but for those of you who desire to experience the Chinese culture in a deeper way, learning Mandarin Chinese is definitely the way to go.
Based on my experience of self-study, university study and just “living life” study of the Mandarin Chinese language, here are my top 5 favorite tools I’ve seen to learn the language, separated by learning style.
Trust me when I say that it’s a monumental task to try to learn both at the same time. It’s basically like learning two different languages at once. If you’re planning just a short trip to China (or anything under a year), I would focus most of my study time on the oral language if I were you.
If however, you plan to spend a few years in China it’s definitely good to build a solid reading and writing foundation for the Chinese characters. This is especially true if you think you’ll eventually find yourself studying at a Chinese university – reading and writing in that scenario is a must.
#1 ChinesePod or Pimsleur | Aurally
I remember before I took my first trip to China, I loaded my mp3 player with the Pimsleur beginner series to listen to during my weekly runs – it was great! It’s incredibly cheap (about US$20) and gave me the basic foundation of greetings and conversation that I would need. I highly recommend this as a cheap option for those who will just be traveling here for a short period of time.
The Pimsleur system works by having you listen to useful phrases spoken by native speakers and repeating them. New phrases are introduced throughout each lesson while old are rehearsed using spaced repetition. They have entire levels which cost hundreds of dollars, but for those who want just a basic foundation like I did before I set foot in China, this Pimseleur beginner series was great.
Once I actually got here to China, however, I switched over to ChinesePod, a subscription-based Mandarin learning program that began as a podcast and has grown into this massive, social learning environment. What that means is that I was able to listen to the lessons all on my iPod and then reinforce those lessons with actual worksheets online. I know many other people who have used ChinesePod and it’s definitely worth the price.
ChinesePod works on a Freemium model, which means that you can subscribe to the podcast through iTunes and listen to many of the Newbie lessons for free. If you want access to the full library of content as well as online lessons, mobile apps, etc., you’ll need to pay the monthly subscription fee (between $15-$30/mo). They do have a 30-day money back guarantee so it’s worth a try for a free month!
#2 Rosetta Stone | Visually (Paid)
To supplement what I was learning with the above methods, I also forked over a good sum of money to try out Rosetta Stone, one of the biggest names in language learning nowadays. They offer multiple levels of Mandarin language learning and a lot of their service is now shifting toward a subscription model – including mobile app usage and one-on-one lessons.
What I love about Rosetta Stone is that when using the program, I am learning the language by directly associating a visual object or action with a word. In other words, I’m not doing translation in my head, I’m learning just as a kid would learn. What I don’t like about this method is that it is slow – what you learn is difficult to immediately apply because you’re not learning useful phrases, you’re just learning the language.
The subscription model makes the price easier to swallow and the use of your iPhone, iPad or other mobile device is very convenient to study while you’re just sitting around.
#3 YouTube or Youku | Visually (Free)
If you don’t have the budget to spend on some of the tools mentioned above, there’s still hope! Sites like YouTube and the Chinese version called Youku are filled with Mandarin lessons that are simple to consume.
There’s quite a few Mandarin learning channels on YouTube including YoYoChinese, LearnChineseNow, and many others. Subscribing to their channel allows you to keep up with the weekly additions to their video library. Here’s an example of one of the beginner YoYoChinese lessons:
While you may not be able to find the same “learn Chinese”-type channels on Youku, there are countless hours of Chinese programming – for adults and for children – that are great for practice. Just log on, find something looks interesting (or even a Hollywood movie overdubbed in Chinese) and watch it over and over.
The downside to using these as a learning tool is that they’re not always well-produced or well-organized, but when you’re talking about “free”, it’s hard to complain. Ha!
#4 Remembering Simplified Hanzi | Writing
I remember hearing about Remembering Simplified Hanzi when I was first learning Mandarin. Rumor was that some guy had memorized over 3,000 characters in a year and had written a book to teach others. Turns out, the rumor was true.
The method words like this – instead of rote memorization used on Chinese students – the Remembering Simplified Hanzi process involves creating memorable stories and building upon those stories to help you remember how to not only read 1,500 characters but also how to properly write them.
The program has now expanded to include a second book that dives into an additional 1,500 characters for a total of 3,000. A word to those thinking of using this – my wife loved this book as she was starting with a clean slate (she knew almost no characters). I, on the other hand, already had a foundation of 500-600 characters and found the repetition of learning the author’s specific stories for these characters far too time consuming.
#5 Mandarin Companion | Reading
Lately I’ve fallen in love with a new way to learn to read Chinese characters: graded readers. My favorite are the Mandarin Companion Series, but before I dive into that, let me explain what I mean when I say “graded readers”. Graded Readers are books that use a limited vocabulary to allow beginner students to read through popular novels. There’s a whole science behind what’s known as “extensive reading” but all I know is that I enjoy reading Mandarin when I can actually understand most of it.
The Graded Reader series is excellent because I can instantly download the stories to my Kindle program (I use the iPad) and then read through the book using the embedded annotations to help me understand any words that aren’t part of my vocabulary. The books are long enough that I don’t read them in one sitting and I’ve actually read through my Sherlock book a couple times – it was that good.
Run by John Pasden, also part of ChinesePod, and friend Jared Turner, they currently they only have the first level finished with the promise of additional levels yet to come.
Concluding Thoughts on Learning Mandarin
No doubt there are hundreds of tools to help you learn the Mandarin language but so far these are my favorite. I have a whole different set of tools to help me study and perhaps I’ll dive into that another time.
I suggest you focus most of your time on oral Mandarin and the proper pronunciation of the Pinyin tones – something which many of the audio tools help you do. Once you get a good foundation there you can move forward with character learning.
Which tools would you add to this list?